Gary Richardson, a professor of economics at the University of California, Irvine, and Fed historian, said the almost 6-foot-4 [President Lyndon B.] Johnson even shoved the much shorter [William McChesney Martin Jr.,] up against the wall. He described the confrontation this way: “These grown men going at it. Johnson shouting, bullying, pushing, kind of physically manhandling the chairman of the Federal Reserve.” Richardson said Martin was shaken but stood his ground.

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