Reshaping Gender Attitudes in India through Schools: An 8-Year Follow-Up Study
In this talk, Jayachandran will evaluate the long-run effects of an intervention in India that engaged adolescent girls and boys in classroom discussions about gender equality for two years during secondary school, aiming to reduce their support for societal norms that restrict women’s and girls’ opportunities. In prior work, co-authors found that the program made attitudes more supportive of gender equality. In this follow-up paper, we estimate longer-run effects, when the study participants are, on average, 20 years old. They also surveyed younger siblings and parents to assess spillover effects of the program. First, they found no effects of the intervention on female participants' educational attainment, employment, or age of marriage. Second, the program has a persistent effect on gender attitudes only among male participants, though female participants report having more personal autonomy. Third, they found sizeable spillovers to younger siblings; siblings of those in the treatment group have more progressive attitudes. Finally, they also found evidence of upward spillovers from boys who participated in the program to their fathers, who express more progressive gender attitudes.