This talk explores mothers’ employment losses from the start of the pandemic through 2022 using the American Community Survey, Current Population Survey, and the Elementary School Operating Status database. Landivar shows which mothers experienced the largest employment losses and who has been able to recover to pre-pandemic employment levels, examining disparities by geographic locale, length and intensity of school closures, age of children, race, educational attainment, and economic resources. The pandemic widened pre-existing inequalities between mothers and fathers, and among mothers, Black mothers and mothers with younger school-aged children who experienced prolonged school closures have had the least employment recovery to date. Understanding these outcomes from an intersectional perspective is crucial in shaping public policies to reduce inequalities in the pandemic’s aftermath.

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