This talk attempts to provide an answer to several theoretical and methodological questions concerning outcomes of worldwide democratization that are still unanswered by the literature. Using multilevel longitudinal models to analyze the impact of democracy on men and women from 1970 to 2015 across the continuum of developed/developing countries, and four sets of analyses that progress from the more general to the more detail, the talk will present study findings that show (a) women and men benefit differently from the growth of democracy as a function of a temporal rate of change, where positive changes in women lag those of men by approximately one generation. Such a lag has a negative impact, as well, on subsequent offspring; (b) in lower developed, democratizing countries the effects of democracy on women follow a curvilinear trend where the initial effects are negative and turn into positive when a country’s level of democracy is above score 6 on scale of 0-10, i.e., congruent democracy. The discussion concludes by emphasizing several processes that support these differential outcomes and by suggesting policy solutions that may help to rectify these problems.

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