The Department of Economics Theory, History, and Development Seminar Series presents
"Necessity is the Mother of Invention: Input Supplies and Directed Technical Change"
with Walker Hanlon, Assistant Professor of Economics, UCLA
Monday, May 6, 2013
Social Science Plaza B, Room 3218
The leading theory of directed technical change, developed by Acemoglu (2002), offers two main predictions. First, when inputs are sufficiently substitutable, a change in relative input supplies will generate technical change that augments inputs which become relatively more abundant. Second, if this effect is sufficiently strong, the long-run relative price of the relatively more abundant inputs will increase the strong induced-bias hypothesis. This talk provides the first empirical test of these predictions using the shock to the British cotton textile industry caused by the U.S. Civil War (1861-1865). Using detailed new patent data, Hanlon shows that the shock increased innovation in Britain directed toward taking advantage of Indian cotton, which had became relatively more abundant. The relative price of Indian cotton first declined and then rebounded, consistent with strong induced-bias. Given his elasticity of substitution estimates, these findings are consistent with the predictions of the theory.
For further information, please contact Gloria Simpson, email@example.com or 949-824-5788.