The Population, Society and Inequality Series presents
"The Motherhood Penalty in Life Course Perspective: Occupational Status Developments
in 13 European Countries"
with Matt Huffman and Judith Treas, Professors of Sociology, UC Irvine
May 15, 2012
Social Science Plaza B, Room 4250
Compared to childless women, mothers are known to be penalized with respect to their
wages. Although occupations are implicated in this earnings disadvantage, little attention
has been paid to occupational trajectories. Both supply-side (human capital, occupational
adjustment) and demand-side (discrimination) processes have been posed to explain
the motherhood penalty. These theoretical approaches lead to alternative hypothesis
regarding occupational change over a career. Huffman and Treas use fixed effects
models with the European Community and Household Panel, which includes thirteen countries
and eight time points between 1994 and 2001. They show that there is no rebound in
occupational status after a birth; the motherhood penalty actually increases with
time since birth. Other results are similarly pessimistic about the efficacy of strategies
that women typically use to mitigate the negative career consequences of motherhood.
This lecture is sponsored by the Center for Demographic and Social Analysis.
For further information, please contact Jayne Lee Yang, firstname.lastname@example.org.