Bocar Ba spent a good part of his youth “scrambling” from police, he says. The University of California, Irvine, economist grew up in the notorious banlieues of Paris, and as a young Black man, he often encountered law enforcement in ways that most scholars do not. … Now, Ba and his colleagues … found that Black, Hispanic, and female officers in Chicago made fewer stops and arrests than their white male counterparts, especially for petty crimes.
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