Though China achieved substantial industrialization by the end of the 1970s, its cities remained small due to the hukou system. Wang Feng, a professor of sociology at the University of California, Irvine, says that at the time 80 percent of China’s population still lived in rural areas.

For the full story, please visit http://www.citylab.com/politics/2016/09/why-beijings-new-residency-system-reinforces-rural-urban-inequality/498458/.

 

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