From The Washington Post:
“Our deportations at the time did not cause the gang problem, but they acted as a catalyst,” said Alfonso Valdez, a gang expert at the University of California, Irvine and a former government ­anti-gang agent. “People were poor, and the social conditions were ripe. It was like putting a virus in a culture dish.” … Valdez noted that the largest number of unaccompanied minors reaching the U.S. border come from the area of San Pedro Sula, a city on the northern coast of Honduras that is one of the most gang-infested cities in the Americas. “It makes no sense for us to send back kids to the most violent city in the hemisphere,” Valdez said.

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