Stergios Skaperdas
Professor of Economics
Clifford S. Heinz Chair
Director, Center of Global Peace and Conflict Studies
University of California, Irvine
Irvine, CA 92697-5100
email: sskaperd at

Short Bio

Garfinkel, Michelle R. and Skaperdas, Stergios, (eds) THE OXFORD HANDBOOK OF THE ECONOMICS OF PEACE AND CONFLICT, 2012
(Published version)



Skaperdas, Stergios, "Myths and Self-Deceptions about the Greek Debt Crisis", Revue d'économie politique, forthcoming in December, 2015.

Skaperdas, Stergios, Toukan, Amjad and Vaidya, Samarth, "Different-form Persuasion Contests," June 2015.

Sambanis, Nicholas, Skaperdas, Stergios and Wohlforth, William, "Nation-Building through War," American Political Science Review, 2015.

Garfinkel, Michelle R., McBride, Michael, and Skaperdas, Stergios, "Trade and Insecure Resources," Journal of International Economics, 2015.

McBride, Michael and Skaperdas, Stergios, "Conflict, Settlement, and the Shadow of the Future," Journal of Economic Behavior and Organization, 2014, 105, 75-89.

Jia, Hao, Skaperdas, Stergios, and Vaidya, Samarth, "Contest Functions: Theoretical Foundations and Issues in Estimation," International Journal of Industrial Organization, 2013.

Garfinkel, Michelle R., McBride, Michael, and Skaperdas, Stergios, "Governance and Norms as Determinants of Arming," Revue d'économie politique, 2012, 122(2), 197-212

Skaperdas, Stergios, “Proprietary Public Finance: Its Emergence and Evolution out of Anarchy,” forthcoming in Dominguez-Vazquez J. and Winer S. (eds),  Coercion and Social Welfare in Public  Finance: Economic and Political Dimensions, New York: Cambridge University Press.

Evia, Jose Luis,  Roberto Laserna and Stergios Skaperdas, “Sociopolitical Conflict and Economic Performance in Bolivia,” forthcoming in Warneryd, K (ed.), The Economics of Conflict: Theory and Empirical Evidence, Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.

"Seven Myths about the Greek Debt Crisis," October 28, 2011, UC Irvine Economics Working Paper; Greek version

Jia, Hao and Skaperdas, Stergios, "Technologies of Conflict," published in the Oxford Handbook of the Economics of Peace and Conflict, 2012.

Garfinkel, Michelle R., Skaperdas, Stergios, and Syropoulos, Constantinos, "Trade in the Shadow of Power," published in the Oxford Handbook of the Economics of Peace and Conflict, 2012.

Konrad, Kai A. and Skaperdas, Stergios, "The Market for Protection and the Origin of the State,"  Economic Theory,  2012.

McBride, Michael, Gary Milante and Stergios Skaperdas, "Peace and War with Endogenous State Capacity,Journal of Conflict Resolution, 2011.

Skaperdas, Stergios, "The Costs of Organized Violence: A Review of the Evidence," Economics of  Governance, 2011.

Skaperdas, Stergios and Samarth Vaidya, "Persuasion as a Contest," forthocoming in Economic Theory.

Garfinkel, Michelle R., Skaperdas, Stergios, and Syropoulos, Constantinos, "Globalization and Insecurity: Reviewing Some Basic Issues," published in Hess, G.D. (ed.) Guns and Butter:

Garfinkel, Michelle R., Skaperdas, Stergios, and Syropoulos, Constantinos, "Globalization and Domestic Conflict," Journal of International Economics, December 2008  [Includes Supplementary Appendix.]

Robson, Alexander and Skaperdas, Stergios, "Costly Enforcement of Property Rights and the Coase Theorem,Economic Theory, July 2008, 36(1), 109-128

Skaperdas, Stergios, "An Economic Approach to Analyzing Civil Wars," Economics of Governance
2008, 9(1), 25-44. (Special issue in memory of Herschel I. Grossman).


Garfinkel, Michelle R. and Stergios Skaperdas, "Economics of Conflict: An Overview," in T. Sandler and K. Hartley (eds.), Handbook of Defense Economics, Vol. II, 2007, 649-709.

McBride, Michael and Stergios Skaperdas, "Explaining Conflict in Low-Income Countries: Incomplete Contracting in the Shadow of the Future," in M. Gradstein and  K.A. Konrad, (eds.), Institutions and Norms in Economic Development,  141-161, 2007, Cambridge, MA: MIT Press. [Please note that section 3 had mistakes in previous versions that have been corrected in this version.]

Konrad, Kai A. and Skaperdas, Stergios, "Succession Rules and Leadership Rents," Journal of Conflict Resolution, 
August 2007, 51(4), 622-645.

Skaperdas, Stergios, "Bargaining versus Fighting," Defence and Peace Economics, December 2006 (Special issue in memory of Jack Hirshleifer).
Skaperdas, Stergios, "Anarchy," Oxford Handbook of Political  Economy, edited by Barry Weingast and Donald Wittman, 2006, Oxford University Press.

Castillo, Ramon A. and Skaperdas, Stergios, "All in the Family or Public?  Law and Appropriative Costs as Determinants of Ownership Structure," Economics of Governance, 2005, 6(2), 93-104.

Skaperdas, Stergios, TurningCitizens into Consumers: Economic Growth and the Level of  Public Discourse, in Breton, A., Galeotti, G., Salmon, P., and Wintrobe,  R. (eds.), Rational Foundations of Democratic Politics, 2003, pp. 30-43, New York: Cambridge University Press.

Skaperdas, Stergios, “Restraining the Genuine Homo economicus: Why the Economy Cannot Be Divorced from its Governance," Economics and Politics, (special issue in honor of Mancur Olson), July 2003, 15(2), 135-162. 

Anbarci, Nejat, Skaperdas, Stergios, and Syropoulos, Constantinos, "Comparing Bargaining Solutions in the Shadow of Conflict: How Norms Against Threats Can Have Real Effects, Journal of Economic Theory, September 2002, 106(1), 1-16.

Genicot, Garance and Skaperdas, Stergios, Investing in Conflict Management, Journal of Conflict Resolution, February 2002, 46(1), 154-170.

Skaperdas, Stergios, Warlord Competition, Journal of Peace Research, July 2002, 39(4), 435-446.

Skaperdas, Stergios and Syropoulos, Constantinos, Insecure Property and the Efficiency of  Exchange," Economic Journal, January 2002, 112, 133-146.

Skaperdas, Stergios, AThe Political Economy of Organized Crime: Providing Protection When the State Does Not, Economics of Governance, 2001 (2), 173-202;
(reprinted in Glazer, A. and Konrad, K.A. (eds.), Conflict and Governance,2003, Heidelberg: Springer Publishers.)

Skaperdas, Stergios and Syropoulos, Constantinos, “Guns, Butter, and Openness: On the Relationship Between Security and Trade,  American Economic Review,  Papers and Proceedings, May 2001, 91(2), 353-357.

Skaperdas, Stergios, "Contest Success Functions," Economic Theory, February 1996, 7,  283-290.

Skaperdas, Stergios and Li, Gan, Risk Aversion in Contests, Economic Journal, July 1995, 105, 951-962.  (Requires jstor access.) 
           Supplementary Appendix

Skaperdas, Stergios and Grofman, Bernard, AModeling Negative Campaigning, American  Political Science Review, March 1995, 89, 49-61.   (Requires jstor access.)

Skaperdas, Stergios and Syropoulos, Constantinos, Gangs as Primitive States, in G.   Fiorentini and S. Peltzman (eds.), The Economics of Organised Crime, 1995, CambridgeCambridge University Press.

Skaperdas, Stergios, "Cooperation, Conflict, and Power in the Absence of Property Rights"  American Economic Review, September 1992,  82(4), 720-739.  (Requires jstor access.)

Skaperdas, Stergios, Conflict and Attitudes Toward Risk, American Economic Review,   Papers and Proceedings, May 1991, 81 (2), 116-20.  (Requires jstor access.)


Slides from "The Great Recession: How Did it Happen?" (First week of Osher Lifelong Learning Institute course; October 11, 2010)

Impressions from Rwanda (June 2009)

Thoughts on the Economy (September 16, 2007)