These are documentary films of music and dance performances that I myself filmed during the years 1966-1982. The quality of the original films is very good, however, getting the films into some media that can be easily viewed on line is a challenge that I am still working on. I will continue to add to these as I can.

Robert Garfias




Tao Chu-shen plays the kuqin:

Buddhist chanting (puanzhou) realmedia
Moon over Mountain Pass (guanshanyue) realmedia
Geese Alighting on a Sandy Shore (ping sha luo yan) realmedia

Filmed in Seattle Washington May 1977
Sound editing on Puanchou and Guanshanyue by Jason Armstrong

Tao Chu-shen plays the zheng:

The Fisherman's Evening Song realmedia
High Mountain Flowing Waters(gao shan liu shui) realmedia

Filmed in Seattle Washington May 1977



Court Music Ahahk. Ahjeng solo realmedia

Filmed in Korea, 1966


Chulhyungum Sanjo realmedia

Filmed in Korea, 1966


Ah-jeng Sanjo improvisation by Kim Byong-ho. realmedia
Korea 1966
One of the last of the Sanjo improvisers. With the going of his generation most kayagum players rely on standardized and memorized versions of a few of the old sanjos.

  Kayagum Sanjo improvisation by Kim Byong-ho realmedia
Korea 1966
Here Kim Byong-ho improvises a sanjo on the Kayagum. He is accompanied by the pansori singer, Park Dong-jin
  Kayagum Sanjo played by Yu Tai-bong realmedia
Korea 1966
Another of the last improvisiers of Kayagum Sanjo, Yu Tai-bong was at the time of this filming a member of the faculty of the National Classical Music Institute (Kugnip Kugahk Won )

Kayagum Sanjo played by Hwang Byong-gi realmedia
Korea 1966
Hwang Byong-gi stands a bit part from all other Kayagum players in Korea. He has studied and can perform several different versions of Sanjo and has also studied Korean Court music and perform this music as well. He also is one of the most successful composers in Asia of new music using elements of the older traditions. His compositions are numerous and stand as excellent works in the modern idiom. He also holds a law degree and was for some years a business man.

  Ah-Ahk (Korean Court Music) realmedia

Ch'on Pei Hi Mun (Royal Ancestor's Music) Orchestra on the Terrace

Within the repertoire of the Korean Court musicians is a large body of songs known as the Royal Ancestor's Music. Modelled after the older "Confucian" Ritual music, this body of music was drawn from the repertoire of songs that were popular in old court and then were re set into the elegant ritual style and used as accompaniment to the ceremonies in honor of the ancient kings of Korea.
  Ah-Ahk (Korean Court Music) realmedia
So-Mu (Royal Ancestor's Music) Orchestra on the Ground
Following the pattern of the Confucian RItual music, the Royal Ancestor's Music alternates one orchestra playing on the ground and another on the higher terrace. Both this film and the previous one were filmed at the Tomb of the Royal Ancestors in Seoul.
  Pyong-kyong solo realmedia
The tuned jade stone instrument is used for both the Confucian Ritual ceremonies and for the Royal Ancestor's music.
  Court Music: Yomilak realmedia
Korea 1966

Court Music: Ujo Karak Doeduri realmedia
Korea 1966

(Little problem with this. It will be up soon)


Chun-aing Jun (The Nightingale Sings in Spring) realmedia

The last surviving solo dance piece in the Korean court repertoire. Graceful and elegant, it gives some idea of the refinement of the Korean court dance style.



Kain Jan muk dan (Flower Dance) realmedia
One of a number of surviving Court dance for a group of women. This one invloves the selecting of flowers from a large vase in the center.


Mugo realmedia

Drum dance in the court music tradition. Some of the dancers have short sticks in their hands that do not show because of the long sleeves.



North India




Ashish Khan (sarode) and Zakir Hussein (tabla)
Alap realmedia
Gat in Rag Pilu realmedia
Tabla solo in panchamsaveri (15 beats) realmedia

Filmed in Seattle in 1970

Zia Mohiuddin Dagar (bin) and Raja Chhatrapati Singh (pakawaj)

Rudravina and Pakawaj Raga Suddhatodi, chautal (14 beats) realmedia
Pakawaj solo in Brahma tal (14 beats) realmedia

Filmed in Seattle in 1976

Vina solo Jor, Jhala. Rag Suddha Todii realmedia

Filmed in Seattle 1975

South India


T. Brinda with T. Ranganathan: Kirtana. Merusamana (Thyagaraja) realmedia
T. Brinda with T. Ranganathan Vina. Varnam ( Sami Ninnekori) Raga Shri, Adi Tala(long false start.) realmedia
T. Ranganathan, Mridangam solo. Adi tala realmedia
T, Brinda. Vina. Kirtana (Poniah Pillai) realmedia

Filmed in Seattle Washington June 1969

The Philippines


Mountain Province,Luzon:

Abra Tinguian culture group: Sinuklit gong ensemble


Mountain Province,Luzon:

Abra Tinguian culture group: dance


Mountain Province,Luzon:

Kalinga culture group. Kolibit solo


Mountain Province,Luzon:

Kalinga culture group. (bamboo gangsa)

  Mountain Province,Luzon:
Apayao Dance

Mindanao, Philippines:

Bagobo dance with agung

Mindanao, Philippines:

Manobo dance after successful head hunting


Mindanao, Philippines:

Manobo dance with agung


Muslim Philippines:

A kulintang ensemble from Nuling, Cotabato, Mindanao playing"duyug" Filmed in 1966 realmedia


The Americas

Veracruz, Mexico


Jarocho Music played by Raul and Rene Rosas and Pepe Baradas (harp)

El Siriquisi realmedia
El Colas realmedia
Coplas realmedia
El Coco realmedia (and tuning the harp)
El Cascabel realmedia
Filmed in Seattle 1970

Inupiat, Alaska

Walrus Dance
Snow Dance
Wolf Dance
Good and Evil Spirit Dance
Drum and Song
Fun Dance

From King Island, Alaska
Teresa Penatac, Charlie Penatac, Sarah Koyut, Joachim Koyut, and Charlie Tigmeac

White Mountain Apache


War Dance "Nabah'si"

Mountain Spirit Dance - social "Gaan"dance

Dancers - Dave Ethelbah (1 & 2), Leon Albert (1 & 2), Michael Ethelbah (2), Edgar Perry (2)
Singer-drummer - Paul Ethelbah
From Fort Apache, Arizona




Nubia, Sudan


Hamza el Din plays the tar realmedia
Hamza el Din plays the Ud realmedia
Filmed in Seattle 1970




Mohamed Omar plays the Afghan rabob

1.Rag: Bayag (odo sanpuran) realmedia
2. Char Baite Pashtu realmedia
3. "Qad bala sarwe rawan Laila" realmedia
Filmed in Seattle 1975



Necdet Yasar playing tanbur

1. Nihavent Taksim,
Saz Semaisi by Mes'ud Cemil
Sirto by Tanburi Cemil Bey realmedia

2. Taksim in Makam Zavil realmedia

Unfortunately the film runs out before the end of the zavil taksim.

3. Huzzam Taksim
Saz Semaisi by Udi Nevres Bey realmedia

This last one was particularly difficult because we lost synch between the Nagra and the Arriflex in the filming. I was able to clip this together in small bits, still far from perfect but it does show the mastery and sensitivity of this doubtless undisputed master of Turkish classical music, Necdet Yasar, in his younger years.

Filmed in Seattle in May 1973

Turkish Ottoman Classical music Ensemble

Kanun: Cuneyd Kosal
Vocal: Birgit Recep
Ney: Dogan Ergin
Kemence: Cuneyd Orhan
Tanbur: Necdet Yasar

1. Hicaz Fasil- realmedia
Kanun Taksim-
Pesrev by Veli Dede
Yuruk Semai by Haci Sadullah Aga
Ney Taksim
Sarki by Rifat Bey
Kemence Taksim Huzzam

2. Huzzam Fasil - realmedia
Sarki of Selim III
Tanbur taksim
Sarki of Ismail Dede

3. Mevlud: Merhaba Bahri Sung by Kani Karaca realmedia

filmed in 1972






Fiddlers group
Anton Jernberg, fiddle; Sven Ahlbäck, fiddle; Per Jernberg, nyckelharpa

1.Trettondagsmarschen efter Hjort Anders Olsson, Bingsj ö , Dalarna

2.& 3. Slängpolska efter Ola Lans, Skåne and Vals efter Ola Lans, Skåne

4. & 5. Eklundapolska av Leonard “Viksta-Lasse” Larsson, Viksta, Uppland and Vagnshusvals efter Karl Svensk, Öst e rbybruk, Uppland

6. Gångl åt efter Gustaf Jernberg, Gästrikland

7. & 8. “Midsommarlåt 72 and Polska efter båtsman D äck, Uppland

9. P olska efter Peckos Per Olsson, Bingsj ö, Dalarna

10. D-mollsvals fr ån Ragunda, Jämtland


  All these films were taken at the University of Washington or in the Republic of the Philippines and the Republic of Korea.
All were filmed by Robert Garfias
  This digitization process has been almost entirely done by Film & Video Transfers, Inc. of Northridge, California. The project itself has been made possible with the cooperation of the Instructional Technology Center at UCI and the NACS also of UCI. Laurel Sercombe of the University of Washington Ethnomusicology Archives has made the original 16mm films available for digitization. John Vallier of the UCLA Ethnomusicology Archives has also provided assistance in the processing of films and audio tapes. The films processing has been done with the assistance of a Mini Grant from the UCI Instructional Resources Center and from the Office of the Executive Vice Chancellor at UCLA.

Still Photos from Filming Sessions

My Field Recordings



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